Ovarian cysts can be painful and may affect your periods. They can cause painful periods and can be 2.5 inches or more in diameter. In most cases, a woman needs to be examined to determine if surgery (laparoscopy vs laparotomy) is needed. During the laparoscopy, an incision is made to determine the extent of the problem.
Ovarian Cysts Treatment and Removal by Balcones OB/GYN
Removing Ovarian Cyst
An ultrasound is first used in the office to evaluate the cyst. In most cases, an ovarian cyst can be monitored by ultrasound and the use of oral contraceptives for 3 months. If the cyst persists , looks suspicious or is growing rapidly, surgery may be needed. There may be an ultrasound exam may be performed by our Austin OB/GYN doctors to evaluate the cyst. During a cystectomy, a noncancerous cyst can be removed. In rare cases, both of the ovaries may have to be removed if cancer is present. The cystectomy is performed under anaesthesia by performing a small incision just under the navel. To access the ovaries, a laparotomy or a laparoscopy may be performed. A laparotomy is an incision can be anywhere between 6 to 14 inches long. A laparoscopy can consist of four smaller incisions that can be one quarter of an inch or more in length. A laparascope tool is inserted directly into the incision to examine the abdominal and pelvic region. The scope helps locate the cyst and remove it. During the procedure, the cysts are removed. If they are connected to the ovarian tissue, a portion of the ovary may be removed. If cancer is detected, the entire ovary may be removed altogether.
Recovering from a Cystectomy
The simple procedure has minimal complications. Most patients will go home on the same day if they have a laparoscopy. If a laparotomy is done you may stay in the hospital for up to 4 days. If a laparoscopy is performed, individuals can resume their routine in a day. If the person has a laparotomy, the initial recovery period can be up to four days. Within four to six weeks, the normal daily routine can be resumed.
These life-saving procedures are instrumental in detecting ovarian cancer and removing any cysts present. The procedure can be a life-saving one. Smaller cysts are often benign while larger cysts may pose a greater risks to women of all ages.
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